Pneumomediastinum (Mediastinal emphysema) causes, diagnosis, treatment

What is Pneumomediastinum (Mediastinal emphysema)? It is Air introduced within the mediastinum Causes of Pneumomediastinum

What is Pneumomediastinum (Mediastinal emphysema)?
It is Air introduced within the mediastinum

Causes of Pneumomediastinum

- Rupture or perforation of trachea or oesophagus.
- Alveolar rupture with dissection of air into the mediastinum.
Pneumomediastinum (Mediastinal emphysema)

Diagnosis and treatment :

1- Chest pain without radiation.
2- Subcutaneous emphysema in the suprasternal notch may present.
3- Auscultation, Hamman's sign which is crunching or clicking noise synchronous with the heart beats, it is best heard in the left lateral decubitus.
4- It is confirmed by chest x ray.
5- In mild cases O2 therapy ---> absorbition of air, severe cases need needle aspiration .

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Med2Date: Pneumomediastinum (Mediastinal emphysema) causes, diagnosis, treatment
Pneumomediastinum (Mediastinal emphysema) causes, diagnosis, treatment
What is Pneumomediastinum (Mediastinal emphysema)? It is Air introduced within the mediastinum Causes of Pneumomediastinum
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