Anatomy of the kidney and urinary system with images

Here is a review of the  renal anatomy ( Anatomy of the kidney and urinary system ), illustrated and supported by images .

Wight of the kidney

• Kidneys are retroperitoneal structures
• Each adult kidney weighs about 120-170 gm .

Cross section of the Kidney

kidney-anatomy-cross-section

The nephron

nephron-kidney-anatomy-

The Glomerulus

glomerulus-kidney-anatomy

• Each kidney composed of one million nephrons.
• The blood supply of the kidneys about 1300 ml/min.
• At the junction between afferent arteriole and distal tubule there is the juxtaglomerular apparatus which is composed of macula densa and myoepithelial cells in the afferent that secrets rennin.

Bowman's capsule

afferent-efferent-mesangial-kidney-anatomy
Glomerulus- Bowman's capsule
afferent-efferent-basement-membrane
Bowman's-capsule-anatomy

Juxta-glomerular apparatus

juxta-glomerular-apparatus

Intra-renal circulation


Intra-renal-circulation

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