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Differential diagnosis dd, causes of Neck pain
Rheumatology

Differential diagnosis dd, causes of Neck pain

Here are the possible causes of neck pain , classified into five categories. You can open the article of each cause to view by clicking its link . The classification is as follows : I - Mec…

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Differential diagnosis of recurrent arthritis (transient) and oligoarthropathy
Differential-diagnosis

Differential diagnosis of recurrent arthritis (transient) and oligoarthropathy

These are the possible causes and differential diagnosis (DDx) of recurrent arthritis (transient arthritis) and oligoarthropathy . You can click the linked disease name to know more about d…

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Differential diagnosis of Monoarthritis, causes
Differential-diagnosis

Differential diagnosis of Monoarthritis, causes

These are the possible causes and differential diagnosis of a case of Monoarthritis . You can click the linked disease name to know more about details The cause of monoarthritis can be one o…

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Differential diagnosis, causes of arthritis in children
Differential-diagnosis

Differential diagnosis, causes of arthritis in children

The possible differential diagnosis and known causes of arthritis in a child are : 1- Rheumatic arthritis. 2- Septic arthritis . 3- Familial Mediterranean fever ( FMF ) 4- Viral arthritis. …

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Differential diagnosis, causes of Back pain (backache)
Differential-diagnosis

Differential diagnosis, causes of Back pain (backache)

These are the possible causes and differential diagnosis (DDx) of a case complaining of backache (Back pain) You can click the linked disease name to know more about details Causes of back p…

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Differential diagnosis, causes of Neck pain
Differential-diagnosis

Differential diagnosis, causes of Neck pain

This is the possible differential diagnosis (DDx) of a patient complaining of pain in his Neck . You can click the linked disease name to read the details . Causes of Neck pain can be class…

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Fibromyalgia causes, clinical picture, diagnosis and treatment
Rheumatology

Fibromyalgia causes, clinical picture, diagnosis and treatment

This article is to discuss Fibromyalgia (fibrositis) regarding its definition, causes, clinical picture (symptoms and signs), Diagnostic features and treatment approach . • Fibromyalgia (f…

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Inherited disorders of Collagen manifestations
Rheumatology

Inherited disorders of Collagen manifestations

I. Osteogenesis imperfecta It is a rare inherited disorder of collagen (autosomal dominant), characterized by brittle bone and abnormalities of the skin, tendon, teeth and sclera. II. Marf…

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Osteoporosis causes, risk, pathogenesis, types, diagnosis, prevention, treatment
Rheumatology

Osteoporosis causes, risk, pathogenesis, types, diagnosis, prevention, treatment

This is a discussion of Osteoporosis regarding its definition, aetiology, types, pathogenesis, risk factors, clinical picture (symptoms and signs), diagnostic investigations, methods of pr…

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Osteomalacia causes, pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment
Rheumatology

Osteomalacia causes, pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment

Here is a discussion of  Osteomalacia regarding its definition, causes, pathogenesis, clinical pictures, investigations and treatment . • Osteomalacia is characterized by defective bone min…

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Septic arthritis causes, risk, diagnosis and treatment
Rheumatology

Septic arthritis causes, risk, diagnosis and treatment

Here is a discussion of Septic arthritis regarding its aetiology, Risk factors, symptoms, signs, diagnostic investigations and treatment approach . This can accompany bacteraemia or septic…

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Neuropathic joints | Charcot
Rheumatology

Neuropathic joints | Charcot's joints

What is meant by Neuropathic joints (Charcot's joints)? • They are joints damaged by repeated trauma as a result of the loss of the protective pain sensation. They occur with the folIowing conditions: • Tabes dorsalis especially in the…

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Osteoarthritis (Degenerative Arthritis) risk factors, pathogenesis, types, diagnosis, treatment
Rheumatology

Osteoarthritis (Degenerative Arthritis) risk factors, pathogenesis, types, diagnosis, treatment

This article is to discuss Osteoarthritis , ( synonym :  Degenerative Arthritis Or osteoarthrosis Or degenerative joint disease ) regarding its definition, risk factors, pathology & pat…

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Pyrophosphate arthropathy, Chondrocalcinosis causes, diagnosis, treatment
Rheumatology

Pyrophosphate arthropathy, Chondrocalcinosis causes, diagnosis, treatment

Definition It is a crystal deposition of calcium pyrophosphate dehydrate (CPPD) in cartilage (chondrocalcinosis). It is a common age associated phenomenon (>55) that particularly targets…

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Gout investigations, Differential diagnosis, Diet and treatment
Rheumatology

Gout investigations, Differential diagnosis, Diet and treatment

This is an approach to diagnosis and treatment of Gout , in which we are going to discuss the investigations, differential diagnosis and treatment of the disease . Investigations to diagno…

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Classification of hyperuricemia (Gout)
Rheumatology

Classification of hyperuricemia (Gout)

Hyperuricemia is classified into : Primary (Genetic) I- Metabolic over production • Idiopathic , 10-20% of patients with primary gout. • Enzymatic defects . e.g: (Hypoxanthine - guanine - phosphoribosyl -transferase) which is essential for re…

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Clinical presentations of Gout (Hyperuricemia manifestations)
Rheumatology

Clinical presentations of Gout (Hyperuricemia manifestations)

• It is chiefly a disorder of adult Male 5 % in Female . • Gout is uncommon before 3rd decade. • Peak of onset in Males (45 years) usually after 20 - 30 years of sustained hyperuricemia, a…

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Behcet's disease def., manifestations, diagnostic criteria and treatment
Rheumatology

Behcet's disease def., manifestations, diagnostic criteria and treatment

What is Behcet's disease ? (syndrome) • It is a systemic vasculitis of unknown etiology - Viral.!? - Autoimmune.!? • Diagnostic criteria of Behcet's disease ? - Recurrent oral ulcers…

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Mixed Connective tissue disease features, diagnosis and treatment
Rheumatology

Mixed Connective tissue disease features, diagnosis and treatment

Mixed Connective tissue disease MCTD  • This syndrome involving mixed features of :- - Myositis .  - SLE . - Scleroderma. Clinical picture - It is of gradual onset. - Renal affection is rare.

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CREST syndrome features (Limited scleroderma)
Rheumatology

CREST syndrome features (Limited scleroderma)

- It is a subtype of  systemic sclerosis  ( Scleroderma ) , without skin manifestations . The term CREST syndrome is used to describe a group of manifestations in different body systems, which…

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