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Showing posts with label Urology. Show all posts
Management of Acute Bacterial Cystitis, Approach in non pregnant females
Urology

Management of Acute Bacterial Cystitis, Approach in non pregnant females

Diagnosis can be made when symptoms and signs are present, in addition to pyuria symptoms include : Urgency, Frequency, Burning micturation urine analysis                               WBC…

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Advances in Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy
Urology

Advances in Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy

The modified supine position:  The modified supine position is a supine decubitus with arrangement of the legs in the lithotomy position. The posterior axillary line should be drawn on the skin while the patient is standing. The patient i…

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Treatment of epididymitis and orchitis, management and regimens
STDs

Treatment of epididymitis and orchitis, management and regimens

Here is an approach to management and treatment of epididymo-orchitis , a serious medical case . What is epididymitis ? Epididymitis is an infection or inflammation of the epididymis ( whi…

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Nephritic syndrome causes, clinical picture, investigations, treatment, prognosis
Urology

Nephritic syndrome causes, clinical picture, investigations, treatment, prognosis

This is a discussion of nephritic syndrome regarding its definition, causes, clinical picture (manifestations), diagnostic investigations and treatment approach . Definition of Nephritic s…

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Diabetic nephropathy pathophysiology, stages, diagnosis, treatment
Urology

Diabetic nephropathy pathophysiology, stages, diagnosis, treatment

It is not a glomerulonephritis but is considered to be a glomerulopathy. • It is related to control of Diabetes and also to duration. • It may be a part of Diabetic triopathy : - Retinopat…

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Amyloidosis kidney causes, clinical picture, diagnosis, treatment
Urology

Amyloidosis kidney causes, clinical picture, diagnosis, treatment

• It is not a glomerulonephritis, but it is considered to be glomerulopathy. • It presents with nephrotic syndrome , then deterioration of kidney function, eventually leading to chronic ren…

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Minimal change Glomerulonephritis (Nil) causes, diagnosis, treatment,prognosis
Urology

Minimal change Glomerulonephritis (Nil) causes, diagnosis, treatment,prognosis

This is not a true glomerulonephritis due to absence of inflammation & inflammatory cells. - Common in children (> 85% to 90% of nephrotic syndrome in children). - 20 % of adult nep…

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Nephrotic syndrome causes, clinical picture, DD, investigations, treatment
Urology

Nephrotic syndrome causes, clinical picture, DD, investigations, treatment

Here is a discussion of Nephrotic syndrome regarding its definition, causes, differential diagnosis, clinical presentation (manifestations), investigations and treatment . Definition of Ne…

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Focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) causes, diagnosis, treatment
Urology

Focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) causes, diagnosis, treatment

• FSGS accounts for 10-15% of nephrotic syndrome in children. • Adult can also be affected (15-200/0 of adult nephrotic syndrome). • It is steroid resistant. • It can lead to CRF within ab…

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Membranous Glomerulonephritis causes, diagnosis, treatment, prognosis
Urology

Membranous Glomerulonephritis causes, diagnosis, treatment, prognosis

• Membranous Glomerulonephritis (G.N) accounts for about 45% of nephrotic syndrome in adults. • If occurs in old age, search for malignancy. • Chronic Renal Failure CRF can occur within 5-1…

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Functions of the Kidney, Renal physiology
Urology

Functions of the Kidney, Renal physiology

This article is to discuss the renal physiology, describing the functions of the kidney as a whole, then illustrating the function of each part of the nephron, which is the functional unit…

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Anatomy of the kidney and urinary system with images
Urology

Anatomy of the kidney and urinary system with images

Here is a review of the  renal anatomy ( Anatomy of the kidney and urinary system ), illustrated and supported by images . Wight of the kidney • Kidneys are retroperitoneal structures • Ea…

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Diagnostic investigations of urinary system | Renal, kidney diseases
Urology

Diagnostic investigations of urinary system | Renal, kidney diseases

This article is a compilation of  all kinds of investigations used to help diagnosis of diseases of the Urinary system including laboratory and radiology tests and techniques . - The diagn…

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Renal Scan technique, use and value
Urology

Renal Scan technique, use and value

In this article, we are going to discuss Renal (kidney) Scan (scintigraphy) regarding its idea (technique) and diagnostic values . Technique - Radioisotope I.V. ===> uptake ===> concentration ===> excretion . Value of renal scan (s…

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Renal biopsy indications, contraindications and complications
Urology

Renal biopsy indications, contraindications and complications

Here is a discussion of the technique of Renal biopsy regarding its value, indications, contraindications and complications . Indications of Renal biopsy 1- Nephrotic syndrome in adults. 2-…

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Abdominal Ultrasound | Renal sonar use and value
Urology

Abdominal Ultrasound | Renal sonar use and value

This article is to illustrate the use, significance and value of Ultrasound investigation of the the urinary system and we are focusing on Renal sonar . Value and uses of kidney sonar  1- S…

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Intravenous pyelagraphy (IVP) technique, value, complications,alternatives
Urology

Intravenous pyelagraphy (IVP) technique, value, complications,alternatives

This is a discussion of Intravenous pyelagraphy (I.V.P) regarding its method, value, complications, people-at-risk to its complications and alternative methods . How IVP is done ? and how …

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Urine analysis | Microscopic examination of urine sample, interpretation of results
Urology

Urine analysis | Microscopic examination of urine sample, interpretation of results

In this article, we are going to discuss the interpretation and significance of the data found in a urine analysis report regarding the microscopic examination of urine sample which includ…

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Urine Analysis | Urinary proteins (chemistry) , causes of Proteinuria
Urology

Urine Analysis | Urinary proteins (chemistry) , causes of Proteinuria

After illustrating the physical examination of urine sample , This article is to discuss the Chemical examination of urine, which includes:  - Proteins . - Glucose and ketones . - Bilirubin…

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Urine Analysis Physical examination,  interpretation and significance
Urology

Urine Analysis Physical examination, interpretation and significance

In this article, we are going to discuss the Physical Examination of urine analysis with interpretation of every single piece of info in a urine analysis report . We will discuss the Color…

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