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Hepatitis viruses : Types, Route of infection,Risk , Incubation & Prophylaxis

This Topic is to discuss the types of viruses that cause inflammation of the Liver " Hepatitis " which are HAV , HBV , HCV , HDV and HEV .
We will illustrate each virus type separately concerning its route  of infection,people at Risk , Incubation period , methods of Prevention & Prophylaxis .


Hepatitis A Virus (HAV):
      - Infections: fecal-oral.                 
- People at risk are those living in Or traveling to areas with bad sanitation.
- Mainly in children young adults.
- Incubation period: 2-8 weeks .

- Acute stage: usually mild.
- No chronicity not related to hepatocellular carcinoma.
- Prophylaxis: vaccination or immunoglobulins .

Hepatitis B Virus (HBV):

Infection: parenteral, sexual from mother to baby. 
          - Cases are Sporadic                                           
People at risk are:
o       Haemophiliacs haemolytic anaemia patients.
o       Parenteral drug abusers.
o       Homosexuals prostitutes.
o       Doctors nurses.
o       Babies born to HBsAg positive mothers.
o    People living in high prevalence areas. - Occurs at any age .
Incubation period: 1-6 months.
Acute stage: usually severe.
- May cause chronic infection, especially when infection occurs in infnts
- It is a carcinogenic virus that can cause HCC, even without cirrhosist
Prophylaxis : immunoGlobulins vaccination .
Hepatitis C Virus (HCV):
Infection: post transfusion & parenteral.
 - Sporadic.
- Age: more common above 16 years.
 - Incubation period: 1-6 months.              
   Acute infection :  mild or unnoticed ii1 85% of cases.
Chronicity occurs in 85% of infected patients.
- Chronic infection causes cirrhosis in 15% of cases in 5-25 years.
- Hepatocellular carcinoma, occurs in cirrhotic patients   (5% every year).
 Prophylaxis and Prevention :
 safe blood transfusion, safe medical procedures and avoiding the use of sharp abjects as razors by more than one person. 


Hepatitis D Virus (Delta Virus, HDV):
- This is an incomplete virus that needs HBsAg for its survival, so it only
causes hepatitis in HBsAg positive patients.
- It spreads by blood transfusion parenterally.
Incubation period: 1-6 months.
There are 2 forms of infection:
1. Co-infection: where the host is infected with HDV & HBV together. This gives the picture of severe acute hepatitis.
2. Super- infection: where there is super-infection of a chronic B patient with HDV. This causes exacerbation of hepatitis.
-It may lead to chronicity.
-Prophylaxis: Vaccination against HBV .
Hepatitis E Virus (HEV):
- Infection: fecal - oral.
- Sporadic or epidemic.
People at risk are those living in or traveling to areas with bad sanitation.
- Usually in children young adults .
- Incubation period: 2-8 weeks.
Acute stage: Usually mild, except in pregnant women .
- No chronicity not related to hepatocellular carcinoma .
- Prophylaxis : Improving Hygiene and Immunoglobulins .

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  1. Hello my name Nelly am from UK I give thank to a great doctor who help me out of my illness I was very sick I thank god who use this man to help, it started when i travel to Florida for visit there I meet a lady not knowing to me that she HIV positive I really like the lady because she was beautiful I always see her every moment I close my eye I went to tell her how I feel for her but I don’t know if she know that she HIV I went to bed with her I contacted the virus too when I get home for month my doctor come to check on me and he discover that I have HIV he was shock and tell me I was so confused and so surprised to hear that I was taking HIV drug to cure it for good a 2year I decided to look for cure them I meet this post on internet I contacted him for help… well DR.ABEGBE proving to be a great man and he heal me.. According to him he said is the power of his gods well I thank god am back again if you need cure for your HIV….you can still contact him or his email or number I promise he is 100% he cure any virus like T-VIRUS HIV AID ROTA-VIRUS, SMALLPOX, HEPATITIS B if you have this virus or friend non relative contact him now DR.ABEGBESPELLHOME@GMAIL.COM or call +2348142729958


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  2. Hello my name Nelly am from UK I give thank to a great doctor who help me out of my illness I was very sick I thank god who use this man to help, it started when i travel to Florida for visit there I meet a lady not knowing to me that she HIV positive I really like the lady because she was beautiful I always see her every moment I close my eye I went to tell her how I feel for her but I don’t know if she know that she HIV I went to bed with her I contacted the virus too when I get home for month my doctor come to check on me and he discover that I have HIV he was shock and tell me I was so confused and so surprised to hear that I was taking HIV drug to cure it for good a 2year I decided to look for cure them I meet this post on internet I contacted him for help… well DR.ABEGBE proving to be a great man and he heal me.. According to him he said is the power of his gods well I thank god am back again if you need cure for your HIV….you can still contact him or his email or number I promise he is 100% he cure any virus like T-VIRUS HIV AID ROTA-VIRUS, SMALLPOX, HEPATITIS B if you have this virus or friend non relative contact him now DR.ABEGBESPELLHOME@GMAIL.COM or call +2348142729958


    ReplyDelete
  3. My name is Layla, I tested positive to HEPATITIS B December last year when I had severe ribs pain and swollen stomach, I was told it has no cure at the hospital, but the doctor gave me some drugs to slow down the viral load and it became worse after some time. Out of frustration, I went online for more info about the ailment and cure, and luckily I found a comment about Iyabiye’s herbal treatment and how he has cured people with it. I contacted him and I tested negative to the virus after I completed the treatment.You too can be free. Contact:+234-815-857-7300 (iyabiyehealinghome@gmail.com)

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  8. This is another testimony on how Chief Dr Lucky cured my HIV disease. Do you need a cure for your HIV disease? Do you want to be cured from your cancer disease? Or you want to be free from any type of disease. Kindly visit his website https://chiefdrluckyherbaltherapy.wordpress.com/ . He just cured my HIV disease and I’m very grateful to him, he is the only herbalist that can cure you.  
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    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Greetings to everyone reading this testimony,am here to
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  11. Hello everyone, Now this is to everyone out there with different health challenges, as I know there are still a lot of people suffering from different health issues and are therefore looking for solution. I bring you Good news. There is a man called Dr.Ayomide a herbal practitioner who helped cure me from Genital herpes, this i had suffered from for the past 2years and i have spent so much money trying to survive from it. I got my healing by taking the herbal medicine he sent to me to drink for about 9days . 3days after completion of the dosage, I went for a medical checkup and I was tested Genital Herpes NEGATIVE. I'm sharing this so that other people can know of this great healer called Dr Ayomide because I got to know him through a friend he cured from HIV. I was made to understand that he can cure several other deadly diseases and infections. Don't die in ignorance and don't let that illness take your life. Contact Dr.Ayomide through his email address;ayomideherbalhome@gmail.com You can also call him or WhatsApp him on:+2348062443909 Thank you Dr. Ayomide. Be kind enough to share as you received.

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  12. I actually was told otherwise, that the herpes can not be treated and that there is no way to make it go away once you have it. But I decided to do my own research and found out it is possible to fight it.. I got a lot of information about it here in forums and online,I got Trado Medical Doctor Oduku contact on a group were a man from Cordova was sharing his testimony of how he cured him of herpes so I decided to give him a try I emailed him through odukuherbalremedies@gmail.com. he called me to know if I actually wanted the cured after which the cure was sent to me few days later I was surprised when the same doctor who told me that I was diagnosed of herpes told me that I was completely free from herpes you can reach him through his email odukuherbalremedies@gmail.com. https://www.facebook.com/pauloduku21/ or through his WhatsApp +2349064430408 if you are diagnosed and also wanna be free from this deadly virus because he is really gonna be of great help to you!!

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  13. The greatest Joy in my life today is that i have been cured of Herpes by a Doctor called Dr. Ishiaku, I was infected with HERPES Disease in 2019, i went to many hospitals for cure but there was no solution, so I was thinking how can I get a solution,so that my body can be okay. Until one faithful day as I was browsing the internet I saw a testimony on how Dr. Ishiaku has helped people in curing Herpes and other diseases, quickly copied his What - sApp number so I contacted him for a solution for my Herpes disease, So Dr. Ishiaku told me that he was going to prepare his herbal medicine for my health which he sent to me, luckily after 2week my Herpes was cured. Dr Ishiaku is well recognized as one of the best herbalist doctors in Africa, you don't have to be sad anymore or cry anymore on this disease when the cure is available. The medicine has NO SIDE EFFECT,there's no special diet when taking the medicine. He also cures ALS, HIV AIDS, HPV, DIABETES and lots more.


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  14. HELLO EVERYONE.. FEW MUNINETS TO REDY THIS INFOR ON HERPES CURE 2018..
    2017 MY MOTHER WAS DIAGNOSED OF HERPES/ KNOWN AS GENITAL WARTS ,I SPENT A LOT OF MONEY ON HER MEDICATION TILL A POINT I EVEN LOST HOPE,BECAUSE MY MOTHER WAS GRADUALLY DYING AND LOST HER MEMORY TOO, I WAS SO DESPERATE TO GET MY MOTHER BACK TO NORMAL, ONE DAY MY UNCLE WHO LIVES IN LONDON UNITED KINGDOM TOLD ME ABOUT DR OLIHA ,WHO HELPED HIM GET RID OF HERPES /GENITAL WART WITH HERBAL MEDICINE AND HIS HERBAL SOAP ,I WAS SO SHOCKED WHEN HE TOLD ME ABOUT THIS ,ALTHOUGH I NEVER BELIEVE IN HERB BUT, I KEEP TO BELIEVE BECAUSE MY UNCLE CAN'T TELL ME LIES WHEN IT COMES TO HEALTH CONDITION I CONTACTED DR OLIHA VIA HIS EMAIL; OLIHA.MIRACLEMEDICINE@GMAIL.COM , YOU CAN TALK TO HIM VIA CALL OR WHATSAPP MESSENGER ON +2349038382931 , HE REPLIED AND ASK ME TO SEND MY HOME ADDRESS AND MY MOTHER'S DETAIL AND THEN I PURCHASED THE HERBAL MEDICINE,SENT ME THE HERBAL MEDICINE THROUGH COURIER SERVICE, WHEN I RECEIVED THIS HERBAL MEDICINE USED IT FOR 2 WEEKS, AND 4 DAYS OF USAGE THE WARTS FELL OFF, MY MOTHER I NOW TOTALLY CURED AND MY MOTHER IS LIVING FREE AND HAPPY AGAIN. YOU CAN TALK TO DR VIA HIS MOBILE NUMBER OR WHATS APP HIM ON +2349038382931 or website i saw on the :https://olihamiraclemedicine.webs.com/    ALL THANKS TO DOCTOR DR OLIHA  

    ReplyDelete
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