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Showing posts with label GIT. Show all posts
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) Definition, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment
GIT

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) Definition, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is defined as a functional bowel disorder in absence of structural pathology. Causes: The etiology is uncertain:- (1) Psychological disturbances e.g. anxiety…

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Peptic ulcer treatment approach , medical and surgical
GIT

Peptic ulcer treatment approach , medical and surgical

This is a full approach to treatment of Peptic ulcer including different types of drugs with doses and indications of surgical intervention . A• Medical treatment : The aim of medical treat…

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Peptic Ulcer symptoms,signs, investigations and complications
GIT

Peptic Ulcer symptoms,signs, investigations and complications

This article to discuss the clinical picture of Peptic ulcer ( symptoms and signs ) , the routine investigations and complications in order to achieve a good approach to diagnosis of the d…

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Peptic Ulcer definition, causes and pathogenesis
GIT

Peptic Ulcer definition, causes and pathogenesis

- HCI is secreted in the stomach by the parietal cells through the action of the Hydrogen-potassium ATPase (proton pump). - Secretion of HCI is under neural and hormonal control. Both stim…

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Globus and Mallory Weiss syndrome definition and causes
GIT

Globus and Mallory Weiss syndrome definition and causes

These are two known esophageal diseases . What is meant by esophageal globus ? (Globus hystericus is an old name) - It is persistent or intermittent sensation of a lump or foreign body in …

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How to differentiate esophageal (GERD) from cardiac causes of chest pain
GIT

How to differentiate esophageal (GERD) from cardiac causes of chest pain

Chest pain is one of the common symptoms of both Myocardial ischemia and Gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) , and here , we are going to discuss the difference between both cases . A.…

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Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) causes,diagnosis and treatment
GIT

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) causes,diagnosis and treatment

Definition of GERD :  Reflux of gastric contents into the esophagus which allows prolonged contact of these contents with the lower esophageal mucosa. It is the most common disorder of the…

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Cancer Esophagus causes, pathology, diagnosis and treatment
GIT

Cancer Esophagus causes, pathology, diagnosis and treatment

Cancer esophagus is one of the most lethal of all cancers (Carcinoma of the esophagus) . Predisposing factors: It is more common in old males (60-70 years). Smoking, alcohol, achalasia or …

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Esophageal achalasia pathology, clinical features, investigations and treatment
GIT

Esophageal achalasia pathology, clinical features, investigations and treatment

Definition of Esophageal achalasia : It is a motility disorder of the esophagus characterized by failure of relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter with aperistalsis in the body of th…

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Hiatus Hernia types,clinical picture,investigations and treatment
GIT

Hiatus Hernia types,clinical picture,investigations and treatment

Definition of Hiatus Hernia : This describes the herniation of a part of the stomach into the chest. I. Sliding Hiatus hernia  There is herniation of the gastro-esophageal junction through…

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 Structure of the esophagus and mechanism of swallowing
GIT

Structure of the esophagus and mechanism of swallowing

Structure of the esophagus The esophagus is a hallow muscular tube, about 25 cm long connecting the pharynx to the stomach, it has no significant absorption or secretory function. It i…

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Diseases of the Salivary glands,definition, causes and management
GIT

Diseases of the Salivary glands,definition, causes and management

Here is a list of the diseases that affect the salivary glands, with definition, causes and management of each . Ptyalism - It is  Excessive salivation . - Causes : - Psychogenic. - Prior …

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Diseases of the tongue : Glossitis,Leukoplakia and Tumors
GIT

Diseases of the tongue : Glossitis,Leukoplakia and Tumors

This is a list of the different types of diseases that affect the tongue. 1. Glossitis  - It may be involved in stomatitis due to nutritional deficiency. - Glossitis is a red, smooth, sore…

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Stomatitis causes,types, diagnosis and treatment | Mouth diseases
GIT

Stomatitis causes,types, diagnosis and treatment | Mouth diseases

- The mouth contains many of commensal micro organisms. So, oral hygiene is essential. Negligence of oral hygiene may lead to bacterial proliferation causing stomatitis. - Stomatitis may a…

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Intussusception def., causes, diagnosis, pathology, types, treatment
GIT

Intussusception def., causes, diagnosis, pathology, types, treatment

In this article, we are going to discuss Intussusception which is a serious disorder and it can cause intestinal obstruction with its known complications. We are going to discuss the defin…

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Diagnosis of Acute intestinal obstruction - symptoms, signs, investigations
GIT

Diagnosis of Acute intestinal obstruction - symptoms, signs, investigations

Here is an approach to diagnosis of acute intestinal obstruction in which, we are going to discuss the symptoms, signs and diagnostic investigations of I.O . Clinical Picture Of Acute IO Sy…

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Causes of Dysphagia ( Difficult Swallowing )
GIT

Causes of Dysphagia ( Difficult Swallowing )

Here we will discuss the definition and causes of Dysphagia which is a common GIT symptom .  Definition : It means Difficulty in swallowing  Causes  A. Causes in the Mouth :   1. Stomatitis  …

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Peptic Ulcer causes and risk factors (Acute)
GIT

Peptic Ulcer causes and risk factors (Acute)

What is  Peptic Ulcer ? It is ulceration of mucosa bathed in gastric juice. Where does Peptic Ulcer occur ? Site :   A- Duodenum à (commonest).             B- Stomach.             C- Rarely in: …

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Tuberculous Peritonitis causes , clinical picture , investigations and treatment
GIT

Tuberculous Peritonitis causes , clinical picture , investigations and treatment

This is a brief review of Tuberculous Peritonitis , which is a serious medical case that results in many serious complications . Here , we will discuss the Aetiology , Pathology , Diagnosi…

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